أخر الاخبار

 Power

Power is the ability to exert influence in the organization beyond authority, which is derived from position.
In addition to authority, managers/supervisors have extra personal sources of power to use for getting things done.
Sources of power
Sources of power

Sources of power

J.P. French and B. Raven' identify six sources of power: legitimate, coercive, reward, expert, referent, and information.
  • Legitimate power is a result of the position a person holds in the organization hierarchy. This position power is broader than the ability to reward and punish, as members need to accept the authority of the position.
  • Coercive power is the threat of sanctions. It is dependent on fear, but is not limited to the ability to dismiss, assign undesirable work, or restriction of movement.
  • Reward power results in people doing what is asked because they desire positive benefits or rewards. Rewards can be anything a person values (praise, raises, and promotions).
  • Expert power comes from expertise, skill, or knowledge.
  • Referent power refers to a person who has desirable resources or personal traits. It results in admiration and the desire to emulate.
  • Information power is based upon the persuasiveness or content of a communication and is independent of the influencing individual. - In most instances, supervisors do not need to offer incentives or threaten retribution to get employees to do what they request. They influence employees because the employees want to follow. This power to influence comes from the employee granting authority to supervisor.

Comments
No comments
Post a Comment



    Reading Mode :
    Font Size
    +
    16
    -
    lines height
    +
    2
    -