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What is human resources management (HRM)

Human Resource Management

After studying this article you should be able to:
  • Human Resources Management (HRM)
  • Human Resource Planning (HRP)
  • Discuss the process of Human Resource Management.
  • Explain the process of forecasting.
  • Explain the process of job design.
  • Describe the process of recruiting and selection new employees.
  • Describe the process of evaluation and appraisal performance.
  • illustrate the process of preparing Resume for an Online Job Search.
  • Describe the job interview etiquette.
What is human resources management (HRM)
What is human resources management (HRM)

Definition of Human Resource Management

Human resource management (HRM) is the process of finding, developing, and keeping the right people to form a qualified work force.

Human resource managers are responsible for recruiting, training, utilizing and maintaining qualified work forces, both in industry and government.

Human Resource Management Activities

  • Strategic planning involving people.
  • Job analysis and work design.
  • Recruitment and selection.
  • Training and development.
  • Performance management.
  • Compensation and benefits.
  • Employee relations.
  • Personnel policies and admin.
  • Compliance with laws.

Human Resource Planning (HRP)

Human Resource Planning is the process of analyzing and identifying the need for and availability of human resources so that the organization can meet its objectives.
  1. Assessing current HR.
  2. Assessing future HR needs.
  3. Developing program to meet needs.

motivation theories in human resources

1- McGregor's Theory of X and Y
Theory X Assumptions
  • People need to be watched every minute.
  • People are incapable, avoid responsibility, and avoid work whenever possible.
Theory Y Assumptions
  • People are willing to work without supervision and want to achieve.
  • People can direct their own efforts.
2- Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
  1. Self Actualization Needs (full potential)
  2. Esteem Needs (self-respect, personal worth, autonomy)
  3. Love and Belongingness Needs (love, friendship, comradeship)
  4. Safety Needs atrodovitom (security; protection from harm)
  5. Physiological Needs (food, sleep, stimulation, activity)
motivation theories in human resources
motivation theories in human resources

jobs human resource management

HR Management and Jobs

Job Definition
A grouping of tasks, duties, and responsibilities that constitutes the total work assignment for an employee.

Job Design
The process of linking specific tasks to specific jobs and deciding what techniques, equipment, and procedures should be used to perform those tasks.

Job Enlargement
Increasing the number of tasks a worker performs but keeping all of the tasks at the same level of difficulty and responsibility; also called horizontal job loading.

Job Enrichment
Increasing a worker's responsibility and control over his bor her work; also called vertical job loading.

Ways of enriching jobs:
  • Allow workers to plan.
  • Allow workers to control.
  • Maximize job freedom.
  • Increase task difficulty.
  • Help workers become task experts.
  • Provide performance feedback.
  • Increase performance accountability.
  • Provide complete units of work.
Job Rotation
H olt bos gatal Job rotation is the process of shifting a person from job to job.

Recruitment:
Recruitment refers to the process of attracting, screening, and selecting qualified people for a job at an organization or firm. For some components of the recruitment process, mid- and large-size organizations often retain professional recruiters or outsource some of the process to recruitment agencies.

External Recruiting
External Recruiting Sources:
  • College and University Recruiting.
  • High Schools and Technical Schools.
  • Media Sources and Job Fairs.
  • Labor Unions.
  • Competitive Sources.
  • Employment Agencies and Search Firms.

Choosing the position of a person in human resources

Selection is the process of choosing individuals who have needed qualities to fill jobs in an organization.
Placement is the fitting a person to the right job.

Selection Process:
The steps in Selection process in human resource management?
  1. Initial screening interview.
  2. Completion of the application form.
  3. Employment tests.
  4. Comprehensive (Additional) interview.
  5. Background investigation.
  6. Conditional job offer.
  7. medical/physical exam.
  8. Job Placement.
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