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Definition of managers and its types

 Definition of managers

A Manager is the person responsible for planning and directing the work of a group of individuals, monitoring their work, and taking corrective action when necessary.
Managers are individuals in an organization who direct the activities of others.
Definition of managers and its types
Definition of managers and its types

Managers Classification

As you can see in the next figure, there are three basic ways to classify managers:
  • By Title: First, we can distinguish between executives, managers, and supervisors.
  • By Position: We can distinguish between top, middle management, and first-line management (the purpose of this part).
  • By Level: Finally, we can also distinguish between the first, second, and third (or higher) levels of managers.
Three ways to classify managers
Three ways to classify managers

The Similarities between the managers' levels

The three levels of managers have the following similarities:
  • They all get work done through subordinates.
  • They all get involved in planning for others, organizing the work of others, recruiting, and so forth.
  • They usually spend about two-thirds of their time with people-talking, listening, attending meetings, and so forth.
  • Top managers spend more time planning and setting objectives.
  • Middle managers, then, transform these objectives into specific projects for their subordinates.
  • First-level managers spend most of their time actually directing and controlling the work on these projects.
The activities are summarized in the next figure:
The Manager's Level in the Organization & How Spends His Time
The Manager's Level in the Organization & How Spends His Time

Manager roles and responsibilities

We can summarize the roles and responsibilities of all managers in the following points:
  1. All managers supervise and manage the overall performance of staff in his department.
  2. All managers analyzing, reporting, giving recommendations and developing strategies on how to improve quality and quantity.
  3. All managers achieve business and organization goals, visions and objectives.
  4. All managers involved in employee selection, career development, succession planning and periodic training.
  5. All managers working out compensations and rewards.
  6. All managers responsible for the growth and increase in the organizations' finances and earnings.
  7. All managers identifying problems, creating choices and providing alternatives courses of actions.
Now, we will describe the various responsibilities of each manager level.

Types of managers

Types of managers by Level and their roles and responsibilities
There are three managerial Levels in the Firm, top, middle and first-line managers (see next figure)
Types of managers in a company
Types of managers in a company
1 - Top Managers (strategic managers): Top Managers are responsible for the performance of all departments and have cross-departmental responsibility. They establish organizational goals and monitor middle managers.
  • Top managers (Senior executives) responsible for the overall management and effectiveness of the organization.
  • Focus on long-term issues.
  • Emphasize the survival, growth, and effectiveness of the firm.
  • Concerned with the interaction between the organization and its external environment.
  • Titles include Chief Executive Officer (CEO), Chief Operating Officer (COO), company presidents and vice presidents.
Top managers Individuals who are responsible for making decisions about the direction of the organization and establishing policies that affect all organizational members.

2 - Middle Managers (tactical managers): Middle Managers: Supervise first-line managers. They are also responsible to find the best way to use departmental resources to achieve goals.
  • Middle managers Located between top-level and first – line managers in the organizational hierarchy.
  • Responsible for translating strategic goals and plans into more specific objectives and activities.
  • Traditional role was that of an administrative controller who bridged the gap between higher and lower levels.
  • Provide operating skills and practical problem solving the keep the company working.
Middle managers Individuals at levels of management between the first-line manager and top management.

3 - First-Line Managers (operational managers): First- Line Manager an individual who works under the supervision of a middle manager and is responsible for managing the daily activities (day-to-day operation) of a group of workers.
  • They supervise the people performing the activities required to make the good or service.
  • Titles include supervisor or sales manager.
First-line managers First-line managers are responsible for directing the day-to-day activities of operative employees.

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