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Definition of leadership theories

Leadership Theories

In this section, we will illustrate the most prominent theories of leadership:
Definition of leadership theories
Definition of leadership theories

trait theories of leadership

moltoubora Tol maonog diH Trait theories assume that a basic set of personal traits that differentiated leaders from non-leaders could be used to identify leaders and predict who would become leaders.
Despite weaknesses, leaders today are often chosen on various traits.

The Personality Traits of Leadership

  • Drive
  • Desire to lead
  • Honesty and integrity
  • Self-confidence
  • Cognitive ability
  • Intelligence
  • Job-Relevant Knowledge
  • risk taker
  • motivated
  • hard working
  • self-assurance

contingency theories of leadership

According to this theory, no leadership style is best in all situations.
Success depends upon a number of variables, including:
  • The leadership style,
  • Qualities of the followers and
  • Aspects of the situation

Behavioral Theories of Leadership

Theory Leadership Style
Iowa University
  • Democratic Style
  • Autocratic Style
  • Laissez - Faire
Ohio State University Studies
  1. Initiating-structure: Individual clearly defines leader subordinate role, formalizes communications, and sets the working agenda.
  2. Consideration: Shows concern for subordinates and attempts to establish friendly and supportive climate.
Michigan Studies
  1. Oriented: managers who pay close attention to subordinates' work, explain work procedures, and are keenly interested in performance.
  2. Employee: Oriented: managers who focus on the development of cohesive work groups and employee satisfaction.
Managerial Grid
  • Concern for People
  • Concern for Production

Situational Theories of Leadership

Situational theories propose that leaders choose the best course of action based upon situational variables.
Situational models of leader behavior assume that:
  • Appropriate leader behavior varies from one situation to another.
  • Key situational factors that are interacting to determine appropriate leader behavior can be identified.
  • Enable others by supporting them.
Situational Variables:
  • Personality of leaders vd torto oldene.
  • Task to be accomplished.
  • Expectations, needs, and attitudes of followers.
  • Environment where leadership takes place.
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